In the previous articles , I have explained how we can

Create application load balancer in AWS

Configure path based routing on application load balancer

Generate SSL certificates using AWS Certificate manager

In this guide , We will learn How we can use SSL/TLS certificate generated using AWS certificate manager for our domain in the Application load balancer.

SSL certificate

Description

ACM can be integrated with the Elastic Load balancing.

First We need to generate the SSL certificate for our domain using ACM , Or we can import the existing SSL certificates to the ACM in the same region as the load balancer

Then we can associate the certificates to the Load balancers.

SSL Certificate

In order to use SSL/TLS certificate in the load balancer , We need use HTTPS listener in the load balancer.

Then the load balancer will use the certificate and then decrypts the client request at the frontend before send them the response.

HTTPS Listener

A listener checks for the incoming requests / connections.

We can define HTTP and HTTPS listeners on the load balancers.

We can create or modify HTTP and HTTPS listeners any time in the load balancer.

When we create HTTPS listener, It enable encryption between the load balancer and clients.

Amazon recommend to use the AWS Certificate Manager for the load balancer.

How Certificate Renews

Each certificate we generate or purchase comes with a validity period.

So we must ensure that the certificates are renewed before its validity ends.

  • If the certificate for the load balancer is provides by AWS certificate manager , Then the certificate will be automatically renewed by the AWS.hence the new requests will be served using new certificates.

Adding HTTPS Listener

SSL certificate

While creating / updating listener , We can configure the protocol and the port for the incoming connections form the users.

Open the EC2 console , In the left navigation pane , Choose Load balancers

SSL certificate

and then choose Listeners and then click Add listener

SSL certificate

Each listeners will have a target groups.Hence any incoming requests to the load balancer will be forwarded to the instances in the target group and the response will be served to the clients.

Set the protocol and the port as HTTPS : 443

SSL certificate

Under Defaut actions

SSL certificate

You can forward the requests to the target group or you can redirect any incoming request to https.

SSL certificate

You can redirect any incoming requests from protocol http and port 80 to https :443.

SSL certificate

Also you can redirect to any custom URL.

SSL certificate

For security policy , Keep the default security policy.

Under Default SSL certificate , Choose From ACM (recommended)

Select the certificate you have generated using the ACM or you can import the certificate.

and then click Save

Updating HTTPS Listener

We can update the existing HTTPS listener by replacing the existing certifcate from ACM or If you have uploaded a certificate to IAM we can choose that certificate and also we can modify the security policies.

Limitations on Application Load Balancer

Per Region

  • load balancer : 50
  • target groups : 3000
  • Certificates per load balancer : 25
  • Rules per load balancer : 100
  • Target groups per load balancer : 100

Conclusion

We have learnt how we can create an apply SSL certificate to the application load balancer , So the connection will be encrypted between the load balancer and the end users.

Hope you find it helpful.

Please do check out my other articles.